Working techniques: turning and hammering

Working techniques

A lathe

At Calegaro, artisans utilize turning and hammering among the various metal working techniques.

The turning is a productive process realized thanks to the help of a machine that is called “lathe”. The lathe used in metalworking is the parallel lathe. While the piece of metal endures a rotating movement, the tool, through a linear movement, shapes and processes the material through the removal of shavings. There are many types of turning, all depending on the type of surface you want to achieve with the instrument. Flat, cylindrical, conical surfaces and many others are created thanks to this technique.

The hammering is instead a technique that is performed almost entirely by hand and allows to obtain objects of great artistic quality. The metal is deformed thanks to the use of a hammer or repeated hammer blows. The process is usually carried cold metal in the form of a plate or sheet.

In this way our best craftsmen, endowed with considerable skill, create every day unique and exclusive products designed with the aim of satisfying every taste and need each customer might have.



Art of chiseling

Details: the art of chiseling

The art of chiseling is the work done thanks to the chisel, an instrument used to sculpt metal with precision. The era in which this tool was introduced is not well known, but its function in metalworking is fundamental. It looks like a small chisel, useful for modeling metal plates and objects made by casting.

The shape of the chisel is a small steel rod about 10-15 cm long with one end (called “head”) that takes different forms depending on the function it has to perform. Once the stick was made of iron, later replaced by steel to which cyanide was added to increase its hardness.

Depending on the type of work the craftsman has to perform, the tools can be of various sizes. The head of the chisel can in fact be roundish, pointed, flat or with particular motifs. Chisels used in metal work can be divided into two main categories: hot chisels and cold chisels.

It is an art that requires great skill and ability. At Calegaro, skilled craftsmen make unique works every day with the chiseling technique.



Villa Calegaro – Emo Capodilista

A building rich in history and tradition, the Villa Emo Capodilista, located at the foot of the Colli Euganei, has been Calegaro company’s headquarters since 1968. The Calegaro family has chosen this place as the beating heart of its business.


The name “Emo Capodilista” was the result of the meeting of two important families: the Emo family and the Capodilista family.
The Emo family was one of the founders of the Serenissima Republic of Venice and saw, among its members, numerous celebrities including prosecutors of San Marco, Governors, Dukes of Candia and Admirals.
The Capodilista family, however, arrived in Veneto in the wake of Carlomagno’s descent in 800 and its members defeated the longobards to obtain many feuds and the title of accounts.

It was after the fall of the Serenissima that the two families merged with the marriage of Leonardo Emo and Beatrice Capodilista. The surname then became Emo – Capodilista.

During the 19th century, the Emo Capodilista family donated an important collection of art to the city of Padua. Even today you can admire these masterpieces that are part of the heritage of Padua’s civic museums.


The construction of the villa occurred in 1864 and is due to Giorgio Emo Capodilista, commander of the second Genoa and Novara Cavalry Brigade against the Austro-Hungarians in the defense of Pozzuolo del Friuli, the beginning of the revolt during the First World War.
Until the date of his death, 1940, the villa was his residence. In the “Venetian terrazzo” floor it is possible to read “G.E.C 1864”, his initials and the date of construction of the building.


In 1921, Luigi Calegaro founded the Calegaro company. It was a small shop in Via del Santo, in the center of Padua. In the 40s it was established as a solid industrial entity and in 1968 the Villa Emo Capodilista was chosen as the new headquarters.
Next to the Villa a production area of ​​40 thousand square meters was built, with a total covered area of ​​12 thousand square meters.
In 2016, by the will of Francesco Calegaro and his sons, the whole Villa is restored. The intent is to bring to light the elegance and refinement of the main salon and side wings. Thanks to the restoration work the Villa relives its ancient fasts.
A building so rich in history and tradition can only be the perfect home to a company with strong values ​​such as Calegaro.


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